Engaging ideas, transforming minds
Engaging ideas, transforming minds

We don’t actively support Internet Explorer

It appears that you are using Internet Explorer, which has been discontinued by Microsoft. Support has ended for versions older than 11, and as a result you may face security issues and other problems when using it.

We recommend upgrading to a newer browser such as Firefox, Google Chrome, or Edge for a much better experience across the web.

While this site may work with Explorer, we are not testing and verifying it, so you may run into some trouble or strange looking things.

Robynne Neugebauer is Assistant Professor in Sociology at York University. Her research and teaching focus on criminology ― policing, inequality in criminal justice, and wife assault; racism; education; and aging.


  • January 2000
  • 9781551301648
  • $63.95 Print
  • $58.95 Digital

Criminal Injustice

Racism in the Criminal Justice System
Robynne Neugebauer